Association Between Exposure to Combat and Burden of Coronary Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Aging Men: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study

Association Between Exposure to Combat and Burden of Coronary Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Aging Men: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study

4.11 - 1251 ratings - Source



Studies of the long-term cardiovascular consequences of combat stress are few and inconclusive. We investigated the effect of combat on the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic stroke (IS) and the burden of subclinical atherosclerosis---measured by carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and carotid plaque---among 5, 347 black and white men from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort study. Combat veterans and non-combat veterans were compared separately with non-veteran qcontrolsq and with one another. Veterans were older, white and of higher socioeconomic status than non-veterans. Veterans were more likely to be current drinkers and heavy smokers but less likely to be current smokers and physically inactive. Combat veterans had the highest average systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol. Compared to non-veterans, combat veterans (Risk Ratio (RR): 1.19; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.11, 1.28) and non-combat veterans (RR: 1.08; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.15) had higher risk of carotid plaque, and combat veterans (Risk Difference (RD): 28.6mum; 95% CI: 22.5, 34.6) and non-combat veterans (RD: 12.48mum; 95% CI: 2.64, 22.32) had higher average CIMT. Compared to non-combat veterans, combat veterans had higher risk of carotid plaque (RR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.03, 1.19) and higher average CIMT (RD: 44.68mum; 95% CI: 32.47, 56.89). Differences remained when CIMT was dichotomized and when age was considered among men from the eras of World War II and the Korean War but not the Vietnam Conflict. Combat veterans had higher CHD and IS incidence rates than non-combat veterans or non-veterans only among cohort members of the Korean War era. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were statistically significant only in comparisons between combat and non-combat veterans for CHD (IRR=1.46; 95% CI=1.02, 2.07) and IS (IRR=1.81; 95% CI=1.01, 3.23). Results suggest that differences detectable at the subclinical level may not yet be manifest at the level of symptomatic disease. Interaction by era of service was noted in both analyses, with the most notable effects among men from the Korean War era. The findings in this study, if confirmed, have implications for our understanding of the lasting effects of traumatic stress on long-term cardiovascular health.approximately 94% of cohort survivors are successfully contacted and interviewed annually to ascertain vital status, health status ... Further excluded were men who had missing or unknown military service status (n=53), leaving a final studyanbsp;...


Title:Association Between Exposure to Combat and Burden of Coronary Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Aging Men: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
Author:
Publisher:ProQuest - 2008
ISBN-13:

You must register with us as either a Registered User before you can Download this Book. You'll be greeted by a simple sign-up page.

Once you have finished the sign-up process, you will be redirected to your download Book page.

How it works:
  • 1. Register a free 1 month Trial Account.
  • 2. Download as many books as you like (Personal use)
  • 3. Cancel the membership at any time if not satisfied.


Click button below to register and download Ebook
Privacy Policy | Contact | DMCA