Encyclopedia of the Underground Railroad

Encyclopedia of the Underground Railroad

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Fugitive slaves were reported in the American colonies as early as the 1640s, and escapes escalated with the growth of slavery over the next two hundred years. As the number of fugitives rose, the Southern states pressed for harsher legislation that they thought would prevent escapes. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 criminalized any assistance, active or passive, to a runaway slave--yet it only encouraged the behavior it sought to prevent. Friends of the fugitive, whose previous assistance to runaways had been somewhat haphazard, increased their efforts at organization. By the onset of the Civil War in 1861, the Underground Railroad included members, defined stops, set escape routes and a code language. From the abolitionist movement to the Zionville Baptist Missionary Church, this encyclopedia focuses on the people, ideas, events and places associated with the interrelated histories of fugitive slaves, the African American struggle for equality and the American antislavery movement. Information is drawn from primary sources such as public records, document collections, slave autobiographies and antebellum newspapers. Entries contain pointers to related entries and suggestions for further research. Appendices include information such as a geographical listing of selected friends of the fugitive, noted Underground Railroad sites administered by the National Parks Service, a bibliography of slave autobiographies and selected Underground Railroad songs. A chronology of slavery and the Underground Railroad is also included.... Massachusetts) 154, 261 Nathan Thomas House (Schoolcraft, Michigan) 154, 217a€“218 National Underground Railroad Freedom Center ... William 50, 135 Kite , Elijah 102 Knight, John 135, 139 Knights of Liberty 78a€“79, 135, 226 LaFayette, Marquis de 21, 26 Lambert, ... 219, 226, 229 a€œMaggie Bluecoata€ 143, 161 Maine 73, 88, 89, 114, 140, 150, 154, 167, 180, 226, 235 Mammoth Cave (Kentucky) 143, anbsp;...

Title:Encyclopedia of the Underground Railroad
Author: J. Blaine Hudson
Publisher:McFarland - 2006-03-03

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